Tips for Searching
[The following is adapted from the query language instructions for the Microsoft Index Server]
At its simplest, a query can be just a word or a phrase. But with the tips on this page, you can expand the focus of your query to give you more complete results. For more complex queries and more examples, see the Query Language page.
Look for more than one word. Use the boolean operators AND and OR to connect multiple words in your query. For example, type dog and cat to find only those documents containing both the word dog and the word cat. Type dog or cat to find all documents containing either word. Do not type dog cat unless you are looking for instances where those two words appear directly next to one another.
Look for words with the same prefix. For example, in your query form type key* to find key, keying, keyhole, keyboard, and so on.
Search for all forms of a word. For example, in the form type sink** to find sink, sinking, sank, and sunk.
Search with the keyword NEAR, rather than AND, for words close to each other. For example, both of these queries, system and manager and system near manager, look for the words system and manager on the same page. But with NEAR, the returned pages are ranked in order of proximity: The closer together the words are, the higher the rank of that page.
Use parentheses to clarify precedence in a query that uses boolean operators. For example, the query (dog or cat) and fight finds documents containing the word fight and either one of the words dog or cat.
Put quotation marks around keywords if you want Index Server to take them literally. For instance, if you type the following query:
"system near manager"
Index Server will literally look for the complete phrase system near manager. But if you type the same query without the quotation marks:
system near manager
Index Server searches all documents for the words system and manager on the same page. This search would also include all occurrences of the phrase system and manager.
Refine your queries with the AND NOT keywords to exclude certain text from your search. For example, if you want to find all instances of surfing but not surfing the Net, write the following query:
surfing AND NOT the Net
These hints will get you started, but for more complex queries and more examples, see the Query Language page.
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