- (np) 1. The differential reproduction and,
thereby, transmission of alleles between generations, of individuals in
a population, due to heritable variation in a trait or traits which
they possess. This is one mechanism by which evolution(1) can occur. [den.]
2. Survival of the fittest. [conn., due to Herbert
Spencer c. 1850] This oversimplification is perhaps the most widely
held incorrect "definition" of evolution. Several people have
spent much time and effort declaring that natural selection(2) is
a tautology, although their intended target was apparently natural selection(1).
The list of those making this strawman argument
analysis includes such luminaries as Arthur Koestler, Tom Bethell, and Phillip E. Johnson.
- acronym, "National
Center for Science Education", publisher of the Creation/Evolution
journal and NCSE Reports newsletter. (NCSE, P.O. Box 9477, Berkeley,
CA 94709, (510) 843-3393. $20/year for membership and both
- ? Nebraska Man
1. An instance of misclassification of fossil teeth as hominid when
they were actually those of an extinct peccary. Osborn did the original
misclassification and also organized the field work which uncovered
evidence that the fossils were misclassified. Total elapsed time
between misclassification and correct classification was about five
years. 2. Evolutionary hoax which proves that scientific evidence
cannot be trusted [conn. SciCre,
- ? Nebraska man
1. A peccary's tooth which was misidentified as human and for a time
led researchers to believe primitive hominids had been present in the
Americas. Despite initial enthusiasm about the find (particularly
among American paleontologists -- "As we always thought, mankind
originated in America", oh say can you see et cetera), further
examination correctly identified the tooth, and the Nebraska man now
serves as a fine example of science's self-correcting properties. 2.
An error which shows how everything evilutionist scientists claim
to known about man's origins is wrong [conn, SciCre].
- (np) 1. The hypothesis that most variation
in genotypes is phenotypically
neutral in affect (that no or insignificant selective pressure operates
upon heritable variation), and that the major mechanisms of heritable
change in populations are genetic drift and gene flow. Propounded most
forcefully by Kimura. [den., science]
- Non sequitur
1. A response which does not address the main issue in contention. An
artful use of non sequitur allows one to divert attention from a
disastrous train of discussion at the modest expense of one's
intellectual integrity. From the Latin, "It does not follow." 2.
Improper inference based on premises necessary, but not sufficient, for
justification of the conclusion claimed. The conclusion is asserted to
follow without the specification of the complete line of logic needed
to establish the implication. See fallacy.